How Much CBD Oil Can One Plant Produce


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One of the most commonly asked questions from any potential hemp farmer is how much CBD oil you’re going to get out of a single hemp plant. Future hemp growers want to know how much CBD oil you can get from one plant. Hemp is very easy to grow, and it can provide amazing yields as long as you follow a few simple rules. It’s no secret that the CBD industry is booming, but exactly how great is the ROI of hemp farming? How much CBD is produced per acre of hemp, or rather, how much CBD is in hemp oil after extraction? According to a 2020 survey, the average CBD yield was approximately 1,520 pounds per acre, but what does that actually me

How Much CBD Oil Can One Plant Produce

One of the most commonly asked questions from any potential hemp farmer is how much CBD oil you’re going to get out of a single hemp plant. It makes it a lot easier to know how much CBD oil you’re going to get depending on how many hemp plants you have growing. However, it’s not the easiest question to answer, but we’ll do our best!

Another factor that you need to consider is your extraction method. Depending on what type of extraction process you use, you may get more or less CBD oil at the end of your harvest.

How Much CBD Oil Can Be Extracted from a Hemp Plant?

The average amount of CBD oil you can expect from one hemp plant is approximately one pound of unrefined CBD oil or crude CBD oil. This oil can then be further refined or even distilled into different products.

If you planted approximately one acre of hemp plants, you could expect to yield about 1,500 pounds of hemp flower and then extract about 200 pounds of crude hemp oil with an average price of $300 per kilogram. Based on average returns for 2020, you could earn approximately $27,300 from an acre of hemp.

Depending on what the end product is, the amount of CBD oil you extract will decrease. For example, if you’re producing CBD isolate, you would get a yield of approximately 140 pounds per acre, or broad-spectrum CBD distillate, you’d get about 160 pounds per acre. If you just want crude oil, you’ll end up with a more finished product, but the price will be lower than more refined CBD oil products.

Amount of Hemp Plants Per Acre

When you grow hemp plants for the purpose of extracting CBD oil, you only need female plants. Only the female plants flower and the hemp flowers and trichomes contain the highest amounts of CBD, making it the most cost-effective way to extract CBD. If you’re growing hemp plants for CBD oil, you could plant approximately 2,500 hemp plants per acre.

However, all of these numbers are only estimating. There are a variety of different factors which can all influence how many hemp plants you can plant per acre and also how much CBD oil you’ll get from your processed hemp plants.

Some of these factors include:

  • The quality of the plant, including the quality of hemp seeds you use and also the length of your cultivation cycle.
  • What type of extraction method you choose to use (hydrocarbon, carbon dioxide, or ethanol).
  • The efficiency of your operations, including your processes, soils, farming methods, and staff experience.

As your hemp business grows and you become more efficient, you’ll most likely be able to dramatically increase your production and productivity as you become more familiar with the process of growing and processing hemp for CBD oil.

How Much CBD Oil From One Plant? – Conclusion

If you’ve been considering growing hemp and you’re looking for premium hemp seeds, then look no further than Liquid Mellow. We stock a wide variety of different hemp seeds, perfect for anyone that’s considering getting into commercial hemp farming. If you have any questions about what the right type of hemp seeds for you are, our professional and friendly team are will only be so happy to help.

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How much CBD oil can you get from one plant?

Although it is hard to make a precise estimate, it is somewhat possible to determine how much CBD oil a cannabis plant produces. Growing hemp is a really arduous job, and you would like to maximize your gains whenever possible.

The cannabis industry is constantly changing and improving. Hemp growers are upgrading and changing their equipment every few years, resulting in increased CBD yields. This not only increases their profits but allows consumers access to better CBD gummies, CBD cream, CBD capsules, CBD oil tinctures or any given CBD product and other items and a better feeling.

In this article, we will talk a bit more about hemp production and how farmers are growing cannabis in a sustainable way.

How do we extract CBD oil?

We get CBD oil by extracting it from the hemp plant (Cannabis Sativa). Keep in mind that CBD oil shouldn’t be mistaken for cannabis oil or hemp seed oil. Cannabis oil is extracted from the marijuana plant or Cannabis Indica. On the other hand, hemp seed oil or hempseed oil is extracted from the hemp plant’s seeds. Compared to it, we get cannabidiol from hemp flowers, leaves, and stalks.

Most medical cannabis products are made from hemp and not marijuana. These two are very different in terms of THC concentration. In other words, marijuana has a much higher total THC content, which is why medical marijuana is still not legalized in many countries. On the other hand, hemp has much higher levels of the desired cannabinoid CBD. Some strains can have 20% CBD content and higher.

The basic CBD oil is called full spectrum CBD oil. Hemp processor is able to further distill the substance to get CBD isolate or broad spectrum CBD oil. Each one of these liquids has different ingredients. Full spectrum has the same cannabinoids and terpenes as the hemp plant. Broad spectrum lacks THC, while CBD isolate only has cannabidiol.

CBD extraction is usually performed by utilizing advanced CO2 extraction.

How much CBD extract can you get from one plant?

You will get about 1 pound of CBD tincture from 1 hemp plant.

The great thing about hemp plants is that they can be packed closely together. So, if you have a full acre of plants, you can get somewhere around 1,500 pounds of CBD hemp flower. All of that will result in around 200 lbs. of cannabidiol oil. Although medical hemp oil price often fluctuates, a hemp crop of this size can net you more than $20,000.

Needless to say, the more you process the plant, the less substance you’ll get. You can get 140lbs. of isolate and 160lbs. of broad spectrum. Of course, the prices of these oils are higher, so you won’t actually lose money. But, you might have to invest additional money and time to setup distillation process.

Only female plants will give hemp flowers. You need to be very careful when buying hemp seeds, as you don’t need male plants. While you can utilize every part of the plant to make the oil, flowers have the highest CBD concentration.

Main factors that affect total CBD amount

Although these numbers sound great in theory, most companies overshoot (or go below) the quota. Efficient companies with advanced equipment and agricultural knowledge can produce greater yields. Some of the factors that impact total CBD amount include:

Extraction method

Extraction method (CO2 is the best but most expensive process. Some other methods might be cheaper, but they might create toxic residue)

Plant’s quality

Plant’s quality (The faster you’re able to produce the plant, the better. You should also think about specific strain’s characteristics and genetic potential)

Overall efficiency

Overall efficiency (Your workforce plays a major part in this equation. Among others, it is very important for technicians to be proficient with the equipment)

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As you can presume, your technicians will get used to equipment and cultivation, thus increasing total yields and oil quantity. A common practice within the cannabis industry is to rely on private label and white label services. In other words, some companies only grow hemp and then, they hire a second company to finish extraction and packaging. While this saves you a lot of headaches, it will also affect your bottom line.

What is the difference between industrial hemp and hemp for CBD extraction?

There is a major difference between hemp that is grown for CBD and the plants that are grown for industrial purposes. When you utilize industrial hemp growing methods, you can get much more plants per acre. But, the problem is with sex. Industrial hemp producers will also include male plants as they don’t have to focus on female flower buds. As a result, the plants will be bigger, taller, and the volume will be larger.

On the other hand, the medical hemp production technique relies solely on female plants and will provide a much smaller yield per acre.

How Much CBD is Produced Per Acre of Hemp?

It’s no secret that the CBD industry is booming, but exactly how great is the ROI of hemp farming? How much CBD is produced per acre of hemp, or rather, how much CBD is in hemp oil after extraction?

According to a 2020 survey, the average CBD yield was approximately 1,520 pounds per acre, but what does that actually mean?

In order to get some final numbers regarding how much CBD you can get from an acre of hemp, we need to break hemp farming down into three numbers: how many hemp plants you can grow on one acre of farmland, how much hemp oil product those plants will produce, and how much CBD is actually in the hemp oil.

Key Takeaways

  • The amount of CBD produced from one acre of hemp varies greatly depending on the CBD concentration in the hemp material, the extraction methods used, farming efficiency, and more.
  • In general, you can expect to get one pound of crude CBD oil from each hemp plant, which can then be refined further to create a final product.
  • The amount of CBD products you can create from an acre of hemp depends on the potency of each product and the formula needed.

How Much Hemp Can Be Grown Per Acre?

In general, you can grow roughly 1,500 to 3,000 hemp plants per acre depending on the size of the hemp cultivar you choose and the space between each hemp plant. Adequate sunlight is crucial for CBD production, so it’s recommended that hemp plants are spaced between 3 and 5 feet apart.

Hemp is incredibly versatile and can be used to make paper, textiles, building materials, food products, and, of course, CBD products. The type of product you intend to make determines the type of hemp you’ll need to grow and how much hemp you can grow on an acre of land.

To produce CBD, you’ll need to grow female hemp plants because only female plants produce flowers, and the flower is the richest source of cannabinoids like CBD. You’ll also want to grow a strain of hemp designed for CBD production (as opposed to industrial hemp, which is typically farmed for its fiber or oil content).

Flowering hemp plants generally need more space and sunlight than male plants, so you may find your total capacity for hemp to be on the lighter end, around 1,500 plants per acre.

In a 2018 trial run by the Northwest Crops and Soil Program at the University of Vermont, a single hemp plant spaced 5 by 5 feet apart weighed 9.11 pounds on average. That means that one acre of land can yield approximately 13,665 pounds of hemp biomass that can be used to produce hemp CBD oil.

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How Much CBD Oil Can Be Produced From One Hemp Plant?

The answer to this one is pretty complicated because the factors regarding CBD content in hemp can vary greatly. On average, one hemp plant will make approximately one pound of crude oil, or a raw oil product that hasn’t been fully refined.

Crude hemp oil contains CBD and many other plant compounds, like other cannabinoids and terpenes, as well as plant materials that may need to be removed to improve the taste and texture of the final oil.

Of course, our “one pound” estimate is just that—an estimate. The actual amount of crude CBD oil you will get from one single hemp plant depends on various factors, including the:

  • size and quality of each plant
  • soil quality and farming methods used
  • original CBD potency in the hemp cultivar you chose
  • extraction method used (read more about Hemp and CBD Extraction Techniques to learn more)
  • efficiency of extraction (how much product is lost during production)
  • type of hemp product used (biomass vs flower-only extractions)

How Much CBD is in Hemp Oil?

As we mentioned, the initial oil produced from hemp is a crude oil, or an unrefined product that contains an array of plant compounds. Crude oil can be sold wholesale to manufacturers, but it needs to be refined if you intend to create a “final product” like a CBD tincture or gummy.

The amount of CBD in the final oil depends on varying factors, like the CBD concentration in the original plant material, the refinement methods used, and the desired resulting product.

For instance, if you aim to produce full spectrum CBD oil, or a CBD product that contains an array of hemp-derived cannabinoids and terpenes, you’ll be able to produce significantly more from the same amount of crude oil than if you were to make CBD isolate, a pure form of CBD.

Some refinement methods are more efficient than others, but the largest discrepancy is in the potency of the original crude oil. Because CBD potency can range from 3-20% in different hemp cultivars, the CBD potency in the crude oil can also range from 20-75%. Because of these huge discrepancies between hemp crops, it’s impossible to say how much CBD you will get from a single hemp plant or an acre of hemp, but we can make general estimates:

Conclusion: How Much CBD is Produced Per Acre of Hemp Plants?

If you add all of the above factors up, you’ll find that one acre of hemp can produce roughly 1,500 hemp plants, or roughly 1,500 pounds of crude oil. The amount of CBD available depends on the total potency in the original material, but crude oil may contain around 50-65% CBD. On the higher end, this means that you can produce around 975 pounds of CBD oil from one acre of hemp.

Keep in mind that there are numerous factors that affect the CBD yield from an acre of hemp, and it is ultimately impossible to predict how much CBD you can produce from hemp. In perfect conditions, farmers have reported much higher yields than suggested above, while others have suggested that they pulled nearly half that amount from a full acre of hemp.

The answer to “how much CBD is produced per acre of hemp” truly depends on the details, starting with the potency of the hemp cultivar and the soil quality and ending with the particular refinement methods used during production. Over time, hemp producers can gain a better understanding of their CBD yields and improve production rates, allowing them to make better predictions about their CBD yields from crop to crop.

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